nkhani

Nyumba zakale zaku China zili ndi mbiri yakale komanso chikhalidwe chokongola.Zasungidwa bwino kwa zaka mazana a zikwi, zomwe ziri zogwirizana ndi luso lawo la zomangamanga.Pakumanga nyumba zakale, anthu amasakaniza pang'onozowonjezera.Iwo amasakaniza mwaluso ndikumanga mankhwalaza nyumba zakale, komanso kudzera muzochita zakuthupi ndi zamankhwala, kuonjezerani mphamvu, kukana madzi, anti-kukalamba ndi katundu wina wa nyumba zakale, kotero kuti zotsalira za chikhalidwe izi zikhoza kupulumuka, kufalikira mpaka pano.Izi ndi chiyani kwenikwenizowonjezera, tiyeni tiyese kupeza yankho m’lembalo.

Mpunga Wokoma wa Kiwi Wokometsera Wall City

Mpunga wonyezimira samangogwiritsidwa ntchito pokonza chakudya, komanso umagwiritsidwa ntchito mokwanira pantchito zomanga zakale zaku China.Pomanga nyumba zapansi pansi monga manda ndi zitsime, sakanizani laimu, mchenga ndi loess pa chiŵerengero cha 1: 2: 2, kenaka sakanizani ndi mpunga wonyezimira ndi madzi a kiwi kuti mupange nyumba yolimba komanso yosawonongeka.Nthaka, yomwe imadziwikanso kuti Sanhe Dothi.Katswiri wa za Ming Dynasty Lu Yu's "Small History of the Ming Dynasty" akuwonetsa njira yowonjezerera phala (phala lopangidwa ndi mpunga wothira) pa laimu lomwe limagwiritsidwa ntchito pomanga makoma a njerwa pomanga mzinda wa Nanjing.

M'zaka zaposachedwa, atayesa ndi kusanthula matope omanga m'malo atatu a Cining Garden mu Mzinda Woletsedwa, Mbiri ya Yiqingshu ku Changchun Palace, ndi Yanxi Hall ku Yangxin Palace, ofufuza adapeza kuti nyumba zitatu zakalezi. zonse zinali ndi zosakaniza za mpunga wosusuka, zomwe zikuwonetsa kuti zinthu za mpunga wa Glutinous zidagwiritsidwa ntchito pomanga Mzinda Woletsedwa.

Anti-corrosion, anti-seepage 'katswiri wamng'ono' - mafuta a tung

Mafuta a Tung ndi mtundu wa guluu wa mapuloteni a masamba, omwe nthawi zambiri amapezeka ndi nthangala zamitengo ya tung ozizira kwa zaka 3-4 ndipo amakhala ndi mawonekedwe achikasu.Chigawo chachikulu cha mafuta a tung ndi osakaniza a mafuta acid triglycerides, omwe ali ndi mphamvu zowonongeka, kuyanika katundu ndi polymerization katundu.Mafuta a tung akaphimba pamwamba pa chinthu, amatha kutenga mpweya wa okosijeni mumlengalenga kuti apange filimu ya pamwamba, kotero kuti chophimbacho chitetezedwe.

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Mafuta a phulusa amatha kupangidwa posakaniza mafuta a tung aiwisi ndi phulusa lambewu la dothi ndi camphor dan.Pokonza njerwa za golide m'nyumba zakale za Mzinda Woletsedwa, pali njira yomwe ingapereke masewera olimbitsa thupi a mafuta a tung, mafuta a phulusa ndi vanishi, omwe ndi otchuka "kupanga mafuta obowola phulusa" .Njira yopangira "mafuta obowola imvi" imanena kuti mafuta a tung amathiridwa katatu pamwamba pa njerwa zagolide zomwe zayalidwa.

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'mankhwala amphamvu' m'nyumba zakale - Alum

Alum, yemwe amadziwikanso kuti alumen ndi miyala ya alum, ndi imodzi mwazinthu zamankhwala zaku China.Chigawo chachikulu ndi potaziyamu aluminium sulfate [KAl(SO) 12HO].Alum imasakanizidwanso mwanzeru pamaziko a zomangamanga zakale zaku China, matailosi, ndi zojambula zamitundu.Masiku ano kafukufuku wa sayansi wasonyeza kuti ettringite akhoza kupangidwa pamene alum ndi wothira laimu nthaka, ndi gawo lake olimba buku kukula akhoza kulipirira kuyanika shrinkage wa glutinous mpunga matope, amene ali opindulitsa kusintha compressive mphamvu, kukana madzi ndikukana kuzizirawa nthaka ya laimu.

Ku Summer Palace, pali mlatho wodziwika bwino wamabowo khumi ndi asanu ndi awiri.Ndiwo mlatho wamwala wautali kwambiri komanso waukulu kwambiri m'minda ya Beijing yomwe ili ndi mabowo ambiri, ndipo matope omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito popaka nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi alum.Zinthu zamatope zosakanikirana ndi alum sizimangopanga mwala ndi maziko osakanikirana, komanso zimakhala ndi achosalowa madzizotsatira.

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Kuphatikiza pa kukongoletsa kwake, kujambula kwamitundu kumatha kutetezanso zigawo zamatabwa kuchokera ku dzimbiri lamankhwala kapena tizilombo tamlengalenga.Pakupenta kwa zojambulajambula m'chipinda chachifumu cha Kachisi wa Kumwamba ku Beijing, nsonga yopyapyala ya guluu imayikidwa pamwamba, yomwe imatha kupangitsa kuti mtundu wakumbuyo ndi utoto wa nthaka usasakanike ndikuyamwa chilichonse. zina, zomwe zimathandizira kumamatira momveka bwino ndi kusindikiza zojambulajambula zamitundu pamtunda wa zojambulazo.

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Zosiyanasiyanazowonjezeramonga mpunga wonyezimira, mafuta a tung, ndi alum amagwiritsidwa ntchito pomanga nyumba zakale zaku China.Amakhala ndi zochitika zakuthupi ndi zamankhwala ndi nthaka ya laimu, matope ndi zinthu zina, ndipo amakhala wosanjikiza woteteza pamwamba pa matabwa, matabwa ndi zigawo zina, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti nyumba zakale zikhale zolimba.Kulimba ndi kulimba kumawongoleredwa.Izi sizimangokhalira kukhazikika komanso moyo wautali wa nyumba yakale yokha, komanso zimasonyeza nzeru zapamwamba za zomangamanga za amisiri akale.

Kujambula zofunikira kuchokera ku nyumba zakale,Longou Internationalimapanga ndi kupanga zamakonokumanga mankhwalamonga cellulose ether,redispersible polima ufa, superplasticizer, kuti nyumba zizikhala zotetezeka, zogwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zambiri komanso zokongola kwambiri.


Nthawi yotumiza: May-27-2022