Mavuto & Mayankho

Mavuto wamba pomanga khoma putty ndi mayankho

Kutuluka matuza

▲Zochitika

Mavuvu amapangidwa panthawi yomanga ndipo pakapita nthawi, pamwamba pa thovu la putty.

▲ Chifukwa

① Pansi pake ndizovuta kwambiri ndipo liwiro la kukanda ndilothamanga kwambiri;

② Wosanjikiza wa putty ndi wandiweyani kwambiri pomanga koyamba, kupitilira 2.0mm;

③Madzi omwe ali m'munsi mwake ndi okwera kwambiri, ndipo kachulukidwe kake ndi kakukulu kwambiri kapena kakang'ono kwambiri.Chifukwa chakuti imakhala ndi voids yambiri ndipo putty imakhala ndi chinyezi chambiri, sichimapuma, ndipo mpweya umatsekedwa muzitsulo zopanda kanthu, zomwe sizili zophweka kuchotsa;

④Pakapita nthawi yomanga, kuphulika ndi matuza kumawonekera pamwamba, makamaka chifukwa cha kusakanikirana kosiyana.The slurry imakhala ndi tinthu tating'ono tomwe tachedwa kusungunuka.Pambuyo pomanga, madzi ambiri amatengedwa ndikufufuma kuti apange kuphulika.

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▲Yankho

① Pakawoneka ngati matope ambiri, gwiritsani ntchito spatula kuti muphwanye matuza ang'onoang'ono, ndipo gwiritsani ntchito putty yoyenera kukwapula pamwamba pa thovu;

② Putty nthawi zambiri imasakanizidwa mofanana, kenaka isiyanitse kwa mphindi 10, kenaka mugwiritseni ntchito chosakaniza chamagetsi kuti musakanizenso ndikuyiyika pakhoma;

③Ngati pali matuza pagawo lachiwiri kapena lomaliza la zomangamanga, spatula iyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuchotsa thovu watermark isanachotsedwe kuti zitsimikizidwe kuti palibe matuza pa putty;

④Pamakoma olimba, nthawi zambiri sankhani putty ngati maziko;

⑤ M'malo omwe khoma limakhala louma kwambiri kapena mphepo imakhala yamphamvu komanso kuwala kumakhala kolimba, choyamba kunyowetsa khoma ndi madzi oyera momwe mungathere, ndipo khoma litatha popanda madzi, pukutani putty layer.

Poda ufa

▲Zochitika

Ntchito yomangayo ikamalizidwa ndi kuuma, ufawo umagwa ukagwidwa ndi dzanja.

▲ Chifukwa

①Nthawi yopukutira mkati mwa khoma la putty ufa silimayendetsedwa bwino, ndipo pamwamba padawuma kenako ndikupukutidwa kukhala ufa;

Khoma la ②exi wa ②exi wa ②exi wa ②exing, zokutidwa ndi kutentha kwambiri, madziwo amatuluka mokweza, ndipo madzi osanjikizawo alibe madzi okwanira kuchiritsa, motero ndikosavuta kuchotsa ufa;

③Chinthucho chimaposa moyo wa alumali, ndipo mphamvu yomangirira ikucheperachepera;

④Chinthucho chimasungidwa molakwika, ndipo mphamvu yomatira imatsika kwambiri itatha kuyamwa chinyezi;

⑤Kuchuluka kwa mayamwidwe amadzi am'munsi kumapangitsa kuti putty iume mwachangu, ndipo palibe chinyezi chokwanira kuchiritsa.

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▲Yankho

① Pakawoneka ngati matope ambiri, gwiritsani ntchito spatula kuti muphwanye matuza ang'onoang'ono, ndipo gwiritsani ntchito putty yoyenera kukwapula pamwamba pa thovu;

② Putty nthawi zambiri imasakanizidwa mofanana, kenaka isiyanitse kwa mphindi 10, kenaka mugwiritseni ntchito chosakaniza chamagetsi kuti musakanizenso ndikuyiyika pakhoma;

③Ngati pali matuza pagawo lachiwiri kapena lomaliza la zomangamanga, spatula iyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuchotsa thovu watermark isanachotsedwe kuti zitsimikizidwe kuti palibe matuza pa putty;

④Pamakoma olimba, nthawi zambiri sankhani putty ngati maziko;

⑤ M'malo omwe khoma limakhala louma kwambiri kapena mphepo imakhala yamphamvu komanso kuwala kumakhala kolimba, choyamba kunyowetsa khoma ndi madzi oyera momwe mungathere, ndipo khoma litatha popanda madzi, pukutani putty layer.

Kugwa

▲Zochitika

Mphamvu ya mgwirizano pakati pa putty ndi base layer ndi yosauka, ndipo imagwera mwachindunji kuchokera pamunsi.

▲ Chifukwa

① Khoma lakale ndi losalala kwambiri (monga tempered putty, polyurethane ndi utoto wina wamafuta), ndipo ufa wa putty umakhala wosakanikiza pamwamba;

② Khoma latsopano limaponyedwa ndi template, pamwamba pake ndi yosalala ndipo imakhala ndi zotulutsa zambiri (mafuta a injini yamafuta kapena silicone);

③ Pazigawo zamatabwa, magawo azitsulo ndi zina zopanda matope (monga plywood, plywood zisanu, tinthu tating'onoting'ono, matabwa olimba, ndi zina zotero), putty imadulidwa mwachindunji, chifukwa cha kufalikira kosiyanasiyana ndi kuchepetsedwa, ndi zinthu zotere. kukhala ndi mayamwidwe amphamvu amadzi komanso kulimba kwa khoma lamkati sikungapunthwe limodzi nawo, nthawi zambiri kumagwa pakatha miyezi itatu;

④ Putty imaposa moyo wa alumali ndipo mphamvu yomangirira imachepa.

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▲Yankho

① Chotsani peeling ndikuthana nayo molingana ndi izi;

② Pulitsani khoma lakale kuti muonjezere roughness pamwamba, ndiyeno gwiritsani ntchito mawonekedwe othandizira (10% zoteteza chilengedwe guluu kapena wothandizila wapadera mawonekedwe);

③ Gwiritsani ntchito chotsuka chotsuka kuti muchotse chotulutsa kapena zinthu zina zamafuta pamtunda, kenako ndikuyikapo putty;

④ Gwiritsani ntchito zigawo ziwiri kapena plywood putty yapadera pomanga;

⑤ Chonde gwiritsani ntchito putty yapadera pakhoma lakunja la marble, mosaic, matailosi a ceramic ndi makoma ena akunja.Gwiritsani ntchito nthawi ya alumali ya putty.

Chotsani

▲Zochitika

Pakati pa zigawo ziwiri za putty kapena pakati pa putty ndi gawo lapansi chotsana.

▲ Chifukwa

① Khoma lakale ndi losalala kwambiri (monga tempered putty, polyurethane ndi utoto wina wamafuta), ndipo ufa wa putty umakhala wosakanikiza pamwamba;

② Khoma latsopano limaponyedwa ndi template, pamwamba pake ndi yosalala ndipo imakhala ndi zotulutsa zambiri (mafuta a injini yamafuta kapena silicone);

③ Pazigawo zamatabwa, magawo azitsulo ndi zina zopanda matope (monga plywood, plywood zisanu, tinthu tating'onoting'ono, matabwa olimba, ndi zina zotero), putty imadulidwa mwachindunji, chifukwa cha kufalikira kosiyanasiyana ndi kuchepetsedwa, ndi zinthu zotere. kukhala ndi mayamwidwe amphamvu amadzi komanso kulimba kwa khoma lamkati sikungapunthwe limodzi nawo, nthawi zambiri kumagwa pakatha miyezi itatu;

④ Putty imaposa moyo wa alumali ndipo mphamvu yomangirira imachepa.

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▲Yankho

① Chotsani chosanjikiza ndikusankhanso putty yapadera kuti ipasule;

② Pamalo omangira choko kwambiri, ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito 10% kusindikiza koyambira kuti musindikize, ndipo mutatha kuyanika, pangani putty wosanjikiza kapena zomanga zina;

③ Putty, makamaka mkati mwa khoma putty, kufupikitsa nthawi pakati pa zomanga ziwiri za putty momwe mungathere;

④ Samalani chitetezo panthawi yomanga.Pakumanga putty kapena mkati mwa maola 8 mutamanga, putty sayenera kulowetsedwa ndi madzi.

Mng'alu

▲Zochitika

Pambuyo poyika putty kwa nthawi yayitali, pamwamba pake idasweka.

▲Yankho

① Putty yomwe yang'ambika iyenera kuchotsedwa.Ngati mng'alu si waukulu kwambiri, putty wosinthika angagwiritsidwenso ntchito pomanga koyamba, ndiyeno kumangako kudzachitika molingana ndi njira yomanga;

② Kumanga kulikonse kusakhale konenepa kwambiri.Nthawi yotalikirapo pakati pa zomanga ziwirizi iyenera kupitilira maola 4.Pambuyo pake putty yakutsogolo yauma kwathunthu, kukwapula kumbuyo kumachitidwa.

▲ Chifukwa

① Pangani maziko asanauma, ndipo kumanga kumafuna kuti chinyezi chapansicho chikhale chochepera 10%;

② Putty pansi sichimawuma kwathunthu, ingodutsa pamwamba, pamwamba pake imawuma poyamba, ndipo mkati mwake idakali yowuma, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti pakhale kusiyana kosiyana pakati pa zigawozo ndi zosavuta kusweka;

③ Pamene wosanjikiza m'munsi akukonzedwa, ngati kukonza ndi flattening zipangizo si zouma kwathunthu, khoma lamkati putty ndi kuuma amphamvu amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa izo, zomwe n'zosavuta kuyambitsa ang'onoang'ono;

④ Ntchito yomangayi ndi yochuluka kwambiri, kuyanika kwamkati kumachedwa, kuthamanga kwapamwamba kumathamanga, ndipo ndikosavuta kuyambitsa.

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Sinthani chikasu

▲Zochitika

Kumanga kwa putty kumalizidwa, gawo kapena zonse zidzawoneka zachikasu posachedwa.

▲ Chifukwa

Zimapezeka makamaka pamakoma akale amkati.Putty wakale wa khoma amagwiritsa ntchito guluu wambiri wa PVA.Guluuyo amakalamba ndipo amawola kuti apange asidi wosaturated.Unsaturated acid amakumana ndi ayoni a calcium mu putty kuti apange mchere wachikasu wa calcium.

▲Yankho

①Pindani zokutira kawiri ndi guluu wokonda zachilengedwe, ndiyeno mugwiritseni ntchito madzi otetezedwa ndi madzi mkati mwa khoma la putty likauma;

②Pukundutsani malaya awiri a chosindikizira choyera, kenaka pukutani putty itauma;

③Gwiritsani ntchito phala pomanga, kapena gwiritsani ntchito board putty pomanga.

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Njira zaukadaulo zothana ndi ming'alu ya polojekiti yotchinjiriza matenthedwe

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①Kulimbana ndi ming'alu ya anti crack protection layer ndiye kutsutsana kwakukulu, ndipo matope apadera oletsa kusweka ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndipo ukonde wolimbikitsira uyenera kukhazikitsidwa,
Kuonjezera kuchuluka koyenera kwa polima ndi fiber mumatope ndikothandiza kuwongolera ming'alu.

②Ndi matope opaka pulasitala komanso kukulitsa ukonde woteteza ku ming'alu wopangidwa ndi dongosolo lonse umakhala wovuta kwambiri kukana ming'alu.Kupindika kuyenera kukhala kokulirapo kuposa malire oyipa kwambiri, kupindika kwa matope osunthika osinthika (ouma shrinkage mapindikidwe, mapindikidwe, mapindikidwe kutentha, chinyezi ndi mapindidwe amankhwala) ndi mapindikidwe oyambira ndi gawo loteteza, kuti awonetsetse kufunikira kwa ming'alu. kukana crack resistance.Pagulu mu maukonde mortarreinforced (monga ntchito fiberglass mauna nsalu), pa dzanja limodzi akhoza mogwira kuonjezera kumakoka mphamvu ya odana ndi mng'alu zoteteza wosanjikiza, Komano, akhoza bwino kumwazikana maganizo, akhoza poyamba akhoza kukhala ndi ming'alu yotakata. (mng'alu) omwazikana mu ming'alu yaying'ono yambiri (ming'alu) kupanga anti cracking effect.Ndikofunikira poyambira kuyika kwa zinthu zamchere zamchere komanso zokutira pansalu yamagalasi ulusi, mitundu yamitundu yamagalasi ndipo imakhala ndi tanthauzo lalikulu pakukana kwanthawi yayitali kwa alkali.

③Kukongoletsa kosanjikiza kwazinthu osati kung'ambika, komanso kupuma (chinyezi) komanso ndi kulumikizana kwa wosanjikiza, ndikwabwino kusankha zokutira zakunja zakunja.
Zosanjikiza zina za Interface layer, insulation layer, zomangira ndi zolimbikitsira ziyeneranso kuperekedwa ndi akatswiri opanga kuti awonetsetse kuti zovuta zamtundu zikuyenda bwino.

Chifukwa chiyani matailosi opangidwa amasweka?

Nthawi zambiri, pali zifukwa zitatu za matailosi ang'onoang'ono: chimodzi ndi khalidwe la matailosi palokha;lina ndilo vuto la kumanga matailosi, ndipo lachitatu ndilo maziko apansi ndi mphamvu zakunja.M'munsimu tidzafotokozera zifukwa zenizeni mwatsatanetsatane:

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Vuto la matailosi

Ma matailosi ena amakhala ndi kuchuluka kwa mayamwidwe amadzi komanso kusakanizidwa kokwanira, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti matailosi aphwanyike;Ma tiles sawotchedwa panthawi yowotcha, ndipo amasweka panthawi yoyendetsa, kusunga, ndi kugwiritsidwa ntchito.Ubwino wa matailosi wokha ndi wovuta, ndipo mawonekedwe osweka nthawi zambiri amakhala ngati ma mesh, monga kukula kwa tsitsi labwino, kuchuluka kwa ming'alu kumakhala kokulirapo, ndipo pakhoza kukhala ming'alu ingapo mu tile.Izi zimachitika kawirikawiri muzinthu zotsika mtengo.

Paving vuto

①Simenti yapamwamba imagwiritsidwa ntchito: Simenti wamba No. 425 wamba wa Portland amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga matailosi.Kusakaniza kwa mchenga wa simenti ndi 1: 3.Ngati simentiyo ndi yokwera kwambiri, simentiyo imamwa madzi ambiri pamene matope a simenti akhazikika.Panthawiyi, chinyezi cha matailosi chimatengedwa kwambiri, n'zosavuta kusweka.Nthawi zambiri, zimawonetsedwa ngati matailosi angapo akusweka, ndipo komwe kumapangidwira kumakhala kosakhazikika.

②Matayilo a ceramic amayikidwa pa ng'oma zopanda dzenje zomwe zimapangitsa matailosi kung'ambika: ng'oma zopanda dzenje ndi ng'oma zopanda dzenje, matope a simenti ndi matayala a ceramic ali ndi ma coefficients osiyanasiyana okulitsa, omwe amachititsa kuti matailosi asokonezeke ndi kusweka.Nthawi zambiri, kugawa matailosi osweka kumakhala kosakhazikika, ndipo ming'alu yake imakhala yosakhazikika.Ming'aluyo imakhala yozungulira ndipo imakhala ndi utali wosiyana.Kuyimbako kumakhala kochepa, kosamveka komanso kwamatope.

③Palibe zotchinga zomwe zimasiyidwa pokonza, kukulitsa ndi kutsika kwa matailosi a ceramic ndi gawo loyambira sizikugwirizana, ndipo kukulitsa kwamafuta ndi kutsika kumapangitsa matailosi a ceramic kusweka.Nthawi zambiri, pamakhala ming'alu m'makona a matailosi, ming'alu yaying'ono pamtunda, ndi mawonekedwe aafupi.

④ Matayala a ceramic amasweka atatha kudula: ming'alu yakuda imapangidwa panthawi yodula.Patapita nthawi, matailosi a ceramic amakhudzidwa ndi kuchepa kwa simenti ndi mphamvu zakunja.

Base layer ndi mphamvu zakunja

①Kupindika kwa khoma ndi kusweka Chifukwa cha zovuta zake za geological, pang'onopang'ono pang'onopang'ono zidzachitika, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti khomalo lisokonezeke ndikusweka komanso kupangitsa matailosi kusweka.Nthawi zambiri kuwonetseredwa ngati mosalekeza ndi wokhazikika ming'alu.

②Kuphwanya matailosi obwera chifukwa cha kugwedezeka kwa khoma komwe kumachitika chifukwa chophwanya khoma

③ Ili pafupi kwambiri ndi magwero a kutentha, ndipo kutentha kumasintha chifukwa cha kuzizira ndi kutentha kwambiri, komanso kufutukuka kwa kutentha ndi kupindika kumapangitsa matailosi kusweka.Izi zimachitika kawirikawiri m'makhitchini, zipinda zowotchera, ndi zina.